Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (2023)



Press review – March 31, 2023

Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (1)

Orhan Pamuk and Jean-Marie Lehn, laureates of the Nobel Prize, will take part in cultural meetings with the public in Timisoara. With over 13 million books sold, Pamuk will receive the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from UVT

The month of April brings new events in the "Timisoara 2023 - European Capital of Culture" cultural program. In addition to exhibitions and shows, the organizers have prepared meetings with brilliant minds of universal culture and science.

In the first half of April, we recommend you to go to Timisoara for meetings with Orhan Pamuk, awarded with the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2006, and Jean-Marie Lehn, laureate of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1987.

On Monday, April 3, from 19:00, the prestigious writer will participate in a public debate moderated by the writer Radu Paraschivescu. During the meeting, he will offer his own vision on the culture and literature of the border area located between the East and the West.

Tuesday, April 4, from 10:00 a.m., the academic community from UVT will award Orhan Pamuk the title of Doctor Honoris Causa, in a special celebration for the Romanian and European cultural and intellectual space.

Both events will take place in the Aula Magna of UVT and the entrance is open to everyone but will be based on prior registration, within the limit of available places. Details on the

Orhan Pamuk is in the gallery of the most famous contemporary Turkish writers, his works being translated into over 40 languages ​​and published in over 100 countries. In his books, he evokes the relationship between Eastern and Western culture, but also the strong specificity of the Turkish mentality through the term hüzün, a specific Turkish synonym of melancholy, as Western Europeans understand it.

Born in 1952 in Istanbul, Pamuk grew up in a large family, similar to those he describes in the novels "The Black Book" and Cevdet Bey si fiii sai", two of his books published in Romanian by Polirom Publishing House.

He left the faculty of architecture at the Technical University of Istanbul to become a full-time writer. Thus he graduated from the Institute of Journalism of Istanbul University and between 22 and 30 years old, he lived with his mother, writing his first novel and trying to find a publishing house that would publish his texts. Gradually, he wrote books considered masterpieces - which were also translated into Romanian - such as "My name is red", "Casa tacerii", "Snow", "The woman with red hair", "The new life" or "Innocent's museum" . He was rewarded with dozens of important prizes, the most remarkable being the Nobel Prize obtained in 2006, being among the youngest laureates of the trophy for literature. In the same year, the American magazine "Time" included him on the list of the 100 most influential people in the world.

Over time, Orhan Pamuk has been awarded some of the most prestigious literary awards: International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award (Ireland, 1993), Prix du Mailleur Livre Etranger (France, 2002), Premio Grinzane Cavour (Italy, 2002 ) and the Friedenspreis, awarded at the Frankfurt Book Fair in 2005.

He currently teaches at Columbia University and is an honorary member of several academies, being decorated with honors such as Honoris Causa from over 15 universities around the world.

Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (2)

Timișoara becomes the literary capital at the tenth edition of Bookfest

The tenth Bookfest edition begins in Timișoara, from March 30 to April 2, at the Regional Business Center.
Horia-Roman Patapievici, Cătălin Dorian Florescu, Gabriel Liiceanu, Armand Goșu, Radu Paraschivescu, Tatiana Niculescu, Ioana Pârvulescu, Sabina Fati, Alexandra Furnea, Rareș Moldovan, Cosmin Perța, Cristian Fulaș are just some of the cultural personalities who meet you on stage Bookfest Timisoara.

The Bookfest Book Fair celebrates ten editions in Timișoara and promises the public a gala event, bringing distinguished guests, the latest publishing appearances and the best offers, to the CRAFT Regional Business Center (Bulevardul Eroilor de la Tisa, no. 22) , between March 30 and April 2, 2023.

The next day, March 31, also debuts with a workshop for children, supported by Alina Iga (inEDU Association), between 10.00 and 11.00. From 15.00, ARTLIT (Romanian Association of Literary Translators) proposes for debate the theme of Literary Text, a dialogue between writer and translator, a meeting that will be moderated by Mirela Iacob. The guests will be Dana Crăciun, Ramona Miza and Radu Pavel Gheo.

Starting at 16.30:17.00 p.m., the Humanitas Fiction publishing house is launching the novel The Nine Women from Ravensbrück: A True Story of Survival in Nazi Germany by Gwen Strauss to the Timișoara public, a book that will be presented by Smaranda Vultur, Sabina Fati and Denisa Comănescu. And from XNUMX, Tatiana Niculescu, Gabriel Kohn, Dana Crăciun and Denisa Comănescu will introduce us to the world of Eric-Emmanuel Schmitt, through Heaven's Gate: Traversing the Second Centuries, by Colm Tóibín with the Magician and in the Cuckoo Castle in the Clouds by Anthony Doerr.

Between 17.30 and 19.00, the Humanitas publishing house will be the one to launch, in the presence of the authors, three titles as diverse as they are exciting: Journey in the footsteps of the conflicts near us. Kurdistan, Iraq, Anatolia, Armenia by Sabina Fati, The Diary of 66. The Night I Burned by Alexandra Furnea and What is God Thinking? A little theology by Gabriel Liiceanu. Those who will accompany their presentation are the writer Radu Paraschivescu and the publisher Lidia Bodea.

The series of releases of the day will be concluded by the Junimea publishing house, which, starting at 19.00, will review the new editorials: Among theses and books. Instances of today's humanistic doctoral research by Pompiliu Crăciunescu, Emisfere de Bucovina, vol. 1 by Adrian Dinu Rachieru and Raidul poetilor. 72 interviews by Robert Şerban. At the same time, Fraguța Zaharia will present the new issue of SCRIPTOR magazine.

As usual, at Bookfest Timișoara, Saturday will be very busy with events. From 10.00 a.m., the Cartier publishing house presents its Book of the Year 2021 for criticism, essay and literary history: The Sensitive Point. From Mihai Eminescu to Mircea Cărtărescu by Vasile Popovici. Simona Modreanu and Radu Paraschivescu will be guests in the presence of the author. Historian Armand Goșu returns to Bookfest Timișoara and, starting at 12.00, he will be in dialogue with Claudiu T. Ariesan, starting from the new volume he is signing, namely Putin. Obsession of the Empire, just published by Polirom publishing house. Starting at 13.00, the Humanitas publishing house starts the marathon of events with the Brasov writer Ioana Pârvulescu, on the occasion of the launch of the first children's book signed by her lordship: The Invisibles. The presentation of the book will be made by the publisher Lidia Bodea and the Timișoara writer Robert Șerban. Then, from 13.30:1960 p.m., the launch of the "Monica Lovinescu" anniversary series will take place, which includes the CD Aici e Radio Europa liberă and the volumes Jurnal essencial, La apa Bavilonului, Etica neuuitării, O istorie a litaturii romane pe une unde, 2000– XNUMX, the Humanitas publishing house wanting to mark Monica Lovinescu Centenary in a very special way. Gabriel Liiceanu and Horia-Roman Patapievici are the ones who will talk to us about the significance that Monica Lovinescu had and has in Romanian culture.

Between 14.00:15.30 p.m. and 14.30:15.00 p.m. there will be three other releases by Romanian authors. The first of them will introduce to the public the Englishman from the North Station, the new book by the writer Tatiana Niculescu. The launch will be attended by Adriana Babeți and Radu Paraschivescu, who then offers us, from 15.30:2022 p.m., a foray into the fascinating world of his new novel, Devil's Bridge, about which Robert Șerban and Lidia Bodea will tell us in part. And starting at XNUMX:XNUMX p.m., we will be able to discover some essays About life, destiny & nostalgia with the help of the author, Horia-Roman Patapievici, and the Timișoara writer Mircea Mihăieș. The Humanitas Fiction publishing house proposes, after XNUMX:XNUMX p.m., a meeting with Magul de la Kremlin - the novel signed by Giuliano da Empoli and awarded, in XNUMX, the Grand Prize for Novel of the French Academy and the Honoré de Balzac Prize. Robert Șerban, Sabina Fati and Denisa Comănescu will sit on his axis of discussion.

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Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (3)

Prescription of plagiarism in doctoral theses, within 1 year of obtaining the doctorate, is allowed in the draft of the Higher Education Law, adopted by the Ciucă government, warns the Alliance of Student Organizations

"The current form of the law allows prescribing the deviation from the norms of ethics, through plagiarism, in the case of a doctoral thesis, within 1 year of obtaining the doctorate title, which ANOSR considers unacceptable", warns the National Alliance of Student Organizations from Romania, in a press release. It also appreciates that "the problem identified by the CCR" in last year's decision, regarding the verification of plagiarism, "remains even in the current version of the law". ANOSR also states, in its press release, that it has submitted to the parliamentarians 45 amendments to the draft Law on Higher Education, including one according to which the threshold of two mandates applied to rectors must also take into account the mandates already exercised, because the issue of the law's retroactivity "is a false issue ".

ANOSR notes that the draft law "brings certain beneficial measures for students" and that the formula adopted by the government includes several of the organization's demands, but that the draft can be improved. As a result, after the adoption of the draft Higher Education Law by the government and its sending to the Parliament, ANOSR sent 45 proposed amendments to the senators and deputies, with a view to further changes during the debates in the Legislature.

Among other things, the alliance of student organizations appreciates that the law, in its current formulation, "allows the prescription" of plagiarism within 1 year of obtaining the doctorate - something that ANOSR also pointed out in mid-March, after the draft laws of education went through a short period of public debate and entered the approval circuit at the government level.

In the amendments it sent to the parliamentarians and presented to the press on Thursday, ANOSR notes that, in the case of Art. 171 of the draft law, "the problem identified by the CCR in Decision no. 364/2022 remains in the current version of the law. Irrespective of who will be the issuer of the title (ME or the university), it can only bring an action for cancellation within max. 1 year after the award of the doctorate. In addition, CNATDCU cannot control both prior and subsequent thesis, the subsequent body must be different".

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Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (4)

New members in the National Research Ethics Board

The number of members of the National Ethics Council of Scientific Research, Technological Development and Innovation (CNECSDTI) increases from 19, as it was until now, to 23, through an order amending the Regulation on the organization and operation of CNECSDTI, published in the Official Gazette . At the same time, the composition of this forum is updated, both by including new members and by changing some existing ones.

The new members of CNECSDTI:

  • Ioana Vasiu (Babeș-Bolyai University from Cluj-Napoca)
  • Costin Hariton-Nicolae (Romanian Academy)
  • Daniel Bucur (USAMV Iasi)
  • Ioan Marius Purcar (Technical University of Cluj-Napoca)
  • Corina Mirela Ilin (West University of Timișoara)
  • Margareta Stela Florescu (ASE Bucharest)
  • Bogdan Romulus Timar (UMF Timisoara)
  • Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc (University of Bucharest)
  • Petrică Vizureanu (Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi)

Dacian Dragoș (Babeș-Bolyai University) is still president, and Eugen Stamate (Technical University of Denmark) is vice-president.

The order provides for a series of other changes in the operating and organizational regulations of CNECSDTI, as a result of the increase in the number of members:

  • The quorum increases from a minimum of 11 to a minimum of 13 members
  • Working groups must be at least 5 experts (compared to 3 before)
  • Working group reports are validated / adopted with at least 13 favorable votes (instead of 11), as are CNECSDTI decisions

Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (5)

CULTURE - Five years since the death of a visionary humanist: Philip Roth

Throughout his career he drew attention to the "fragility of American democracy", plagued by fascist slippages, rising anti-Semitism and the "culture wars". Five years after his death, his anxieties are confirmed, as the country seems to be drawn like a magnet to the Trumpist current. Recently, not far from New York, a festival was organized in his honor, attended by people who resonate with his way of thinking, writes France24, quoting the AFP correspondent.

Gathered for three days in Newark, the hometown of the writer Philip Roth, dozens of actors, writers and academics participated in debates, played in performances and read on stage fragments of the novelist's work in front of several hundred spectators, crossed in buses the neighborhoods of his youth and celebrated the day when the American writer would have turned 90 years old.

Philip Roth, who stirred up controversy with the books he wrote, was born on March 19, 1933, to a middle-class Jewish family on the Ukrainian-Polish border. After a glorious career, both in the US and abroad, he died on May 22, 2018 in Manhattan.

A year and a half before his death, "I remember getting an email from him right after Donald Trump was elected president (in November 2016) saying, 'Yes, he will suspend the Constitution' of the United States ", said historian Sean Wilentz during the "Philip Roth Unbound" festival, organized by the New Jersey Performing Arts Center (NJPAC) and other partners.

Philip Gourevitch, a New Yorker magazine journalist, reported that at the time of Donald Trump's victory, Philip Roth swore to him that he "never foresaw anything" in his novels about the rise of a populist in a democratic country.

"Trump is a windfall. Even though, of course, Roth kind of wrote the script" for the billionaire's election, Gourevitch said.

When the 45th US president arrived at the White House on January 20, 2017, many were re-reading Roth's best-known novel, The Plot Against America (2004), adapted into a TV series in 2020.

This uchrony is a merging of real historical facts with fictional events. The narrator, Philip Roth, a Jewish child from Newark, recounts how the United States collapses under authoritarianism, "fascism," anti-Semitism, deportations, and anti-Jewish riots after the fictitious 1940 presidential election won by aviator Charles Lindbergh, a pro-Nazi Republican, isolationist and follower of the slogan "America First", exactly the slogan used by Donald Trump, against the democrat Franklin Roosevelt.

But as early as 2017, Philip Roth denied in the press any parallel between Trump, "an impostor (...) a megalomaniac", whose vocabulary contains "77 words" and Lindbergh, "a real racist, anti-Semite, a follower of white supremacy, a sympathizer of fascism", but above all a "great hero" of aviation.

Through the novels "The Conspiracy", "American Pastoral" (1997) and "I Married a Communist" (1998), Roth, armed with his "historical consciousness", expresses his "concern about the fragility of our democracy", claims the publisher Cary Goldstein, co-producer of the festival.

In addition, the organizers emphasized, "the story of "Conspiracy against America" ​​describes the current political and social climate in our country."

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Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (6)

Goldman Sachs: Artificial Intelligence can replace the equivalent of 300 million jobs

Artificial intelligence (AI) could replace the equivalent of 300 million full-time jobs, according to a report by investment bank Goldman Sachs cited bywith the BBC.

Even if it could replace a quarter of the workloads in the US and Europe, AI may generate other new jobs and a productivity boom that could increase the total annual value of goods and services produced globally by 7%.

Generative AI, capable of creating content indistinguishable from human work, is "a major advance," the report said.

The Goldman Sachs report notes that the impact of AI will vary across sectors: 46% of administrative tasks and 44% of legal professions could be automated, but only 6% of construction and 4% of maintenance.

BBC News previously reported on some artists' concerns that AI image generators could hurt their job prospects.

"The one thing I'm sure of is that there's no way of knowing how many jobs will be replaced by generative AI," Oxford University's Carl Benedikt Frey told BBC News.

“What ChatGPT does, for example, is allow more people with average writing skills to produce essays and articles. Journalists will therefore face more competition, which would lead to lower wages, unless we see a very significant increase in demand for such work.

Consider what happened after the introduction of GPS technology and platforms like Uber. Suddenly, knowing all the streets of London was of much less value, so taxi drivers experienced pay cuts. The discounts were around 10%, according to our research. So the result of new technology has been translated into lower wages, not fewer drivers. In the next few years, generative AI will likely have similar effects on a wider set of creative tasks," argues Carl Benedikt Frey.

However, the long-term impact of artificial intelligence is uncertain, believes Torsten Bell, executive director of the Resolution Foundation think tank.

“All firm predictions should be taken with caution. The truth is, we don't know how the technology will evolve or how companies will integrate it into the way they operate. That's not to say AI won't disrupt the way we work, but we should also focus on the potential gains in labor standards – higher productivity andservicescheaper to administer – as well as at the risk of being left behind if other firms andSAVINGSadapts better to technological changes."

Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (7)

60% of full-time teachers are currently over 48 years old

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The president of the Education Commission in the Chamber of Deputies, Natalia Intotero (PSD), declared, during a debate on the Education Law, organized in Bistriţa, that 60% of full-time teaching staff are currently aged 48 and over , and the retired professors who replace the deficient chairs are not adapted to technological developments.

The PSD deputy believes that, for these reasons, the salary system in the field of education should be rethought, so that it attracts young people and professionals to a teaching career.

"Currently, 60% of full-time teaching staff in education are 48 years old and about to retire. In the last two years, everywhere in the country there was a deficit in mathematics, physics, chemistry, subjects that we meet in many exams and, through the kindness of retired teaching staff, an attempt was made to cover these departments. People, you know, even for 80 years they came to lend a hand, but, unfortunately, these people are very nice, but they are no longer up to date with everything that this technological evolution means. And then the salary system, the attraction of professionals must be rethought, and including allowing the mayors to come up with solutions - here maybe we can also change the Administrative Code, if necessary",Intotero said.

The debate was organized by the PSD parliamentarians from Bistrita-Năsăud and members of the Education Commission of the Chamber of Deputies and it was attended by the state secretaries from the Ministry of Education Florian Lixandru and Antoneta Bolchiş, the rector of the Politehnica University of Bucharest, Mihnea Costoiu, the president of the Bistrita County Council- Năsăud, Radu Moldovan, the head of the County School Inspectorate, Cristian Nicula, the presidents of the county branches of the education unions, school inspectors, directors of educational units, mayors and teaching staff.

Also, delegates from the other counties of the North-West Region were present at the debate, including PSD MP from Bihor Ioan Mang.

Among the issues discussed were the salary of non-teaching and auxiliary teaching staff, non-payment of transport for school inspectors and non-teaching staff, admission to high school and the organization of the baccalaureate exam, financing of educational units, the fate of pedagogical high schools and children's palaces, the need for a number more support teachers for students with special educational needs.

Press magazine - March 31, 2023 - UVT (8)

What faculty to choose if you want to work in software development

One of the professional fields that has developed a lot lately is that of software development. If you want to work in this field, as a programmer, tester, software architect, you need to have a solid knowledge base. First of all, it helps to have a specialized technical faculty, through which you can discover more about this field and which also ensures you a direct contact with employers. It is a field of the future, especially since you also have jobson the chosen ones.

You can follow both bachelor's studies and a master's degree in the field. Most companies choose graduates who have completed their bachelor's studies, and if you want to become better prepared and specialized, you can also follow master's studies.

Faculty of Computer Science

This onefacultyit takes 4 years and will demand a lot from you, but you will come out a prepared person who will be able to get a good job in the software industry very quickly. This faculty has two specializations: Computers and Information Technology and Automation and Applied Informatics. It is one of the faculties of the future that you can follow to be successful, being one of the best faculties in the field. You can become a tester, programmer, software developer.

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science

Another very good faculty for you is the mathematics-informatics faculty at the University of Bucharest. You can learn a lot of technical concepts, both in mathematics and in computer science. This faculty has two sections (Mathematics and Informatics), and to develop as a programmer it is necessary to follow the section of Informatics. Later, you can apply these concepts in jobs such as programmer or software developer.

Faculty of Cybernetics, Statistics and Economic Informatics

Another faculty recognized for the potential you can have here isthat of cybernetics from ASE. It has four sections: Economic Informatics, Business Informatics (English), Statistics and Economic Forecasting, Economic Cybernetics. In each of these sections you will have the opportunity to practice in your field, something that will increase your chances of employment.

Faculty of Informatics from the West University of Timisoara

If you live in the west of the country, you can followFaculty of Computer Science at the University of the West. The purpose of the Bachelor of Science in Mathematics and Computer Science degree program is to provide students with the ability to understand and manipulate the basic concepts and methods of fundamental mathematical structures, fundamental programming, and software systems development and maintenance.

Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science at Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca

Another faculty you can follow isthe one from UBB Cluj-Napoca. It has a section of Mathematics, one of Informatics and a combined section of Mathematics-Informatics in the Hungarian language. It also has a Computer Science section in German. Cluj-Napoca is one of the cities that have become recognized as IT hubs in the last 10 years, offering numerous job opportunities.


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